GS Prelims 2018 Answer Key

SET A

1. Consider the following statements:

1.​​ In the first Lok Sabha, the single largest party in the opposition was the Swatantra Party.

2. In the Lok Sabha, a "Leader of the Opposition" was recognised for the first time in 1969.

3. In the Lok Sabha, if a party does not have a minimum of 75 members, its leader cannot be recognised as the Leader of the Opposition

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

In the first Lok Sabha, the single largest party in the opposition was the Communist Party of India(CPI). It won 16 seats with the Indian National Congress wining 364 seats.

In the Lok Sabha, if a party does not have a minimum of 10% of total strength of the Loksabha, its leader cannot be recognised as the Leader of the Opposition

2. Which of the following leaf modifications​​ occur(s) in the desert areas to inhibit water loss?

1. Hard and waxy leaves

2. Tiny leaves

3. Thorns instead of leaves

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Basic question. No explanation needed.

3.​​ As per the NSSO 70th Round "Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households", consider the following statements:

1. Rajasthan has the highest percentage share of agricultural households among its rural households.

2. Out of the total agricultural households in the country, a little over 60 percent belong to OBCs.

3. In Kerala, a little over 60 percent of agricultural households reported to have received maximum income from sources other than agricultural activities.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1,2​​ and​​ 3

Explanation:​​ 

a. Rajasthan had highest percentage of agricultural households (78.4 percent) among its rural households and Kerala had the least percentage share of agricultural households (27.3 percent) in its rural households.

b.​​ Agricultural activity (cultivation, livestock and other agricultural activities) was reported to be the principal source of income for majority of the agricultural households in all the major States, except Kerala where about 61 percent of the agricultural households reported to have received maximum income from sources other than agricultural activities.

c. Out of the total estimated agricultural households in the country, about 45 percent belonged to Other Backward Classes.

Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=113796

4. How is the National Green Tribunal (NGT) different from the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)?

1. The NGT has been established by an Act whereas the CPCB has been created by an executive order of the Government.

2. The NGT provides environmental justice and helps reduce the burden of litigation in the higher courts whereas the CPCB promotes cleanliness of​​ streams​​ and wells, and aims to improve the quality of air in the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

NGT was established by National Green Tribunal Act 2010 where as The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organization, was constituted in September, 1974 under The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.

Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,:

(i) to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and​​ 

(ii) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.

Source: http://cpcb.nic.in/Introduction/

5. Consider the following statements:

1. The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

2. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1​​ and​​ 2

(d) Neither 1​​ nor​​ 2

Explanation:​​ 

Article 31B saves the acts and regulations included in the Ninth Schedule from being challenged and invalidated on the ground of contravention of any of the Fundamental Rights. Article 31B along with the Ninth Schedule was added by the 1st Constitutional Amendment Act of 1951.

Originally (in 1951), the Ninth Schedule contained only 13 acts and regulations but at present (in 2016) their number is 282.11 Of these, the acts and regulations of the state legislature deal with land reforms and abolition of the zamindari system and that of the Parliament deal with other matters.

However, in a significant judgement delivered in I.R. Coelho case (2007), the Supreme Court ruled that there could not be any blanket immunity from judicial review of laws ​​ included in the Ninth Schedule.

6. Which one of the following best​​ describes​​ the term "Merchant Discount Rate sometimes seen in news?

(a) The incentive given by a bank to a merchant for accepting payments through debit cards pertaining to that bank.

(b) The amount paid back by banks to their customers when they use debit cards for financial transactions for purchasing goods or services.

(c) The charge to a merchant by a bank for accepting payments from his customers through the bank's debit cards.

(d) The​​ incentive given by the Government to merchants for promoting digital payments by their customers through Point of Sale (PoS) machines and debit​​ cards.

7.​​ What is/are the consequence/consequences of a country becoming the member of the 'Nuclear Suppliers Group' ?

1. It will have access to the latest and most efficient nuclear technologies.

2. It automatically becomes a member of "The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)".

Which of the statements given above.is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

NSG is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be applicable to nuclear weapon development and by improving safeguards and protection on existing materials.

NPT is a separate treaty. It is not linked with NSG.

8. With reference to India's decision to levy an equalization tax of 6% on online advertisement services offered by non-resident entities, which of the following statements is/are​​ correct?

1. It is introduced as​​ a part of the Income Tax Act.​​ 

2. Non-resident entities that offer advertisement services in India can claim a tax credit in their home country under the "Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements".

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1​​ and​​ 2

(d) Neither 1​​ nor​​ 2

Explanation:​​ 

As per Finance Act, 2016

7. In section 10 of the Income-tax Act,—

(E) after clause (49), the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of June, 2016, namely:—

‘(50) any income arising from any specified service provided on or after the date on which the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2016 comes into force and chargeable to equalisation levy under that Chapter.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this clause, “specified service” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (i) of section 161 of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2016.’.

So. Statement 1 is correct.

https://www.incometaxindia.gov.in/budgets%20and%20bills/2016/finance_bill_2016.pdf

Equalisation levy is a separate tax and cannot be equated with Income tax. Hence double tax Avoidance agreements are not applicable on equalisation levy. Also there will no double taxation within India as once the equalisation levy is imposed, such income will be exempt from tax under section 10(50) of the Income tax Act.

So, statement 2 is wrong.​​ 

9.​​ Consider the following​​ statements:

1. The Fisca1​​ Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM)​​ Review Committee Report has recommended a debt to GDP ratio of 60% for the general (combined) government by 2023, comprising 40%​​ for the Central Government and 20% for the State Governments.

2. The Central Government has domestic liabilities of 21 % of GDP as compared to that of 49​​ % of GDP of the State Governments.

3. As per the Constitution of India, it is mandatory. For a State to take the Central Government's consent for raising any loan if the former owes any outstanding liabilities to the latter.

Which of the statements given above is/are​​ correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only​​ 

(c) 1​​ and​​ 3 only

(d)​​ 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:​​ 

Statement 1 is correct. FRBM act was amended in 2018​​ by Finance Act 2018 and included the provision of debt to GDP ratio of 60% for the general (combined) government by 2023, comprising 40% for the Central Government and 20% for the State Governments.

Statement 2 is wrong as figures have been interchanged for centre and state.

Statements 3 is right

Article 293(3)​​ 

A State may not without the consent of the Government of India raise any loan if there is still outstanding any part of a loan which has been made to the State by the Government of India or by its predecessor Government, or in respect of which a guarantee has been given by the Government of India or by its predecessor Government

10. Consider the following​​ statements:

1. The quantity of imported edible oils is​​ more​​ than the domestic production of.​​ edible​​ oils in the last five years.

2.​​ The Government​​ does not impose any​​ customs​​ duty on all the imported edible​​ oils as a special case.

Which of the statements given above is/are​​ correct?

(a)​​ 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and​​ 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2​​ 

Explanation:

According to ICRA, India occupies a prominent position in the world oilseeds industry with contribution of around 10% in worldwide production. But the demand of edible oils (extracted from oilseeds in addition to palm oil) is significantly higher than the domestic production, leading to dependence on imports (60% of requirement).​​ 

Read more at:

//economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/60360710.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

Statement 2 is wrong: Pls refer the following link​​ 

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=176583

11. He wrote biographies of Mazzini, Garibaldi, Shivaji and Shrikrishna; stayed in America​​ for some time; and was also elected to the Central Assembly. He was

(a) Aurobindo Ghosh

(b) Bipin Chandra Pal

(c) Lala Lajpat Rai

(d) Motilal Nehru

C:\Users\NITHI\Google Drive\GS- 2015\GS Prelims Analysis\2018\Optimized-Lalalajpat Rai.png

Source: http://bit.ly/2JtIi6W

12.​​ Consider the following statements :

1. Aadhaar card can be used as a proof of Citizenship or domicile.

2. Once issued, Aadhaar number cannot be deactivated or omitted by the Issuing Authority.

Which of the statements given above is/are​​ correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 is true.

Section 9 of the The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery Of Financial And Other Subsidies, Benefits And Services) Act, 2016​​ reads:

“9. The Aadhaar number or the authentication thereof shall not, by itself, confer any right of, or be proof of, citizenship or domicile in respect of an Aadhaar number holder.”

Statement 2 is wrong: Aadhar can be deactivated

Section 2 (g) deals with omitting and deactivating of an Aadhaar number and information relating thereto in such manner as may be specified by regulations;

One more source:​​ https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/personal-finance-news/around-81-lakh-aadhaar-cards-deactivated-heres-how-to-check-if-yours-is-active/articleshow/60083795.cms​​ 

13. Which of the following has/have shrunk immensely/dried up in the recent​​ past due to human activities ?​​ 

1. Aral Sea

2. Black Sea.

3. Lake Baikal

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 2 only

(d) 1 and 3

Explanation:​​ 

Option 1 is correct​​ 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aral_Sea

Option 2 is wrong

Option 3 is correct.

http://bit.ly/2J76hJL

14. ''Rule of Law Index" is released by which of the following ?

(a) Amnesty International

(b) International Court of Justice

(c) The Office of UN Commissioner for Human Rights

(d) World Justice Project

15.​​ Which one of the following links all the ATMs in India?

(a) Indian Banks' Association

(b) National Securities Depository Limited

(c) National Payments Corporation of India

(d) Reserve Bank of India

Source:​​ 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Payments_Corporation_of_India

The key products of NPCI are:

National Financial Switch (NFS) which connects 1,98,953 ATMs of 449 banks (91 Member Banks, 358 Sub- Member) [4]. Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) provided to 84 member banks, with more than 8.49 crore MMID (Mobile Money Identifier) issued, and crossed 10 million transactions.

16. Consider the following statements :

1. Capital Adequacy Ratio. (CAR) is the amount that banks have to maintain in the form of our​​ funds to offset any​​ loss that banks. incur if the account-holders fail to repay dues.

2. CAR is decided by each individual bank.

Which of the statements given above is/are​​ correct?

(a)​​ 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1​​ and​​ 2

(d) Neither 1​​ nor​​ 2

Explanation:

Option 2 is wrong. It is decided by RBI

17.​​ The identity platform 'Aadhaar'​​ provides open “Application​​ Programming Interfaces (APIs)"​​ What does it​​ imply?

1. It can be integrated​​ into any electronic device.

2. Online authentication using iris is possible.

Which of the statements given above is/are​​ correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c)​​ Both 1​​ and​​ 2

(d) Neither 1​​ nor​​ 2

Explanation:

Statement 1 and 2 are correct

https://authportal.uidai.gov.in/developer

18.​​ Very recently, in​​ which​​ of the​​ following countries have​​ lakhs of people either suffered​​ from severe famine/acute malnutrition or​​ died due to starvation caused​​ by war/ethnic​​ conflicts ?​​ 

(a) Angola and Zambia

(b) Morocco and Tunisia

(c) Venezuela and Colombia

(d) Yemen and South Sudan

19. Regarding Wood’s Dispatch,​​ which of the following statements are true?

1. Grants-in-Aid system was introduced

2. Establishment of universities was recommended

3. English as a medium of instruction at all levels of education was recommended.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

Statement​​ 3 is wrong as Wood’s dispatch recommended English as the medium of instruction for higher studies and vernaculars at school level.

20. With reference to the Parliament of​​ India, which​​ of the following Parliamentary​​ Committees Scrutinizers and reports to the​​ House whether​​ the powers to make regulations, rules, sub-rules, by-laws, etc.​​ conferred by the​​ Constitution or delegated by​​ the Parliament are being properly exercised​​ by the Executive within the scope of such​​ delegation ?

(a) Committee on Government Assurances

(b) Committee on Subordinate Legislation

(c) Rules committee

(d)​​ Business Advisory Committee

21. Consider the following statements:

1. As per the Right to Education (RTE)​​ Act, to be eligible for appointment​​ as a​​ teacher in a State, a person would be required to possess the minimum​​ qualification laid down by the concerned​​ State Council of Teacher Education.

2. As per the RTE Act,​​ for teaching​​ primary Classes, a candidate is required​​ to​​ pass a Teacher Eligibility Test​​ conducted in accordance with the​​ National Council of Teacher​​ Education​​ guidelines.

3. In​​ India, more than 90% of teacher​​ education institutions are directly under​​ the State Governments.

Which of the statements​​ given​​ above is/are​​ correct?

(a) 1 and​​ 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and3

(d) 3 only

Explanation:

Statement 1 is wrong. Statement 2 is right. That’s leaves us with 2 only as option. i.e. (b)

C:\Users\NITHI\Google Drive\GS- 2015\GS Prelims Analysis\2018\Optimized-NCTE.png

22. Consider the following pairs :

Tradition

State

1. Chapchar​​ Kut festival ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​ ​​​​ 

Mizoram

2. Khongjom Parba ballad

Manipur

3. Thang-Ta dance

Sikkim

Which​​ of the pairs given above is/are​​ correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

23. Consider the following​​ statements:

1. The​​ Food Safety and Standards Act,​​ 2006​​ replaced the Prevention of Food​​ Adulteration Act, 1954.

2.​​ The Food​​ Safety and​​ Standards​​ Authority of India (FSSAI) is under the​​ charge of Director General of Health​​ Services in the Union Ministry of​​ Health​​ and Family Welfare.

Which of the statements given above is/are correc